Do You Need Stents? Here Is What The Best Cardiologists Have to Say
- 07 Oct, 2021
Statistically, heart diseases are one of the most common diseases in modern times. The unhealthy trend of fast food replacing homemade preparations combined with the stress and pressure from professional life make things even worse. Heart specialists in Kolkata are always seeing patients round the clock. Although heart ailments have become common, thanks to the advancement of medical technology, in most cases, patients are able to live a long and healthy life post proper treatment. Among the many gifts of modern medical technology is a thing known as a coronary stent.
What Is a Stent and What Does it Do?
Coronary stents are tiny mesh tubes. They are made from either cobalt-chromium alloys or stainless steel or sometimes even plastics. Doctors use catheter tubes to insert these objects into a patient's body. The coronary stents are then placed in blocked or narrowed arteries.
Narrow or blocked arteries hinder the flow of blood. This results in an increased heart rate. The symptoms like chest pain, manifest. There is a huge risk of a heart attack waiting to happen when a major artery is blocked. This can prove fatal in severe cases and even the best cardiologist in Kolkata cannot do anything about it.
Coronary stents help in effectively enlarging the blocked or narrowed segment of the blood vessel, facilitating an easy flow of blood. The tech behind the development of stents is constantly evolving. Nowadays, stents are coated with medication to improve their lifespan and efficacy.
Who Are the Candidates for Stent Implants?
Patients who suffer from obstructive artery diseases are ideal candidates for coronary stent implantation and need to consult the best cardiologist in Kolkata immediately. These people suffer variable pain in the chest from mild to severe. This is accompanied by shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. They are also unable to perform heavy and industrious tasks. Stress and strong emotions are also a cause of pain for such patients. If such patients are non-diabetic then cardiologists choose to implant coronary stents as a relief. Diabetic patients, on the other hand, are better off with bypass surgery.
How Are Stents Implanted?
The implantation of stents does not require open-heart surgeries. Instead, small tubes called balloon catheters are inserted into the patient’s body through either the radial artery in the hand or the femoral artery in the thighs. This is done during a process called a coronary angiogram. The balloon catheter tube advances into the heart to identify the blockage site. Upon identification, a wire is inserted on the site inside the coronary artery. The stent is loaded onto it and placed in the blocked area by expanding it by inflating the balloon. The wire is removed thereafter and the stent stays in its place permanently.
Post Implant Experience and Precautions:
As it is not a major operation, most patients can get back to normal life after 24 hours of the coronary angiogram. Doctors recommend resting for a couple of weeks. Stents bring along a high risk of clotting of blood. This is why anti-platelet drugs like aspirin are prescribed on a long-term basis. The dosage and duration of taking medication must be strictly adhered to and no decision must be made without informing the cardiologist.
Is Coronary Stent a Cure for Obstructive Coronary Disease?
While patients feel absolutely fine after a couple of days post angiogram surgery, heart specialists in Kolkata are of the opinion that stents are not a cure for obstructive coronary diseases. These devices are simply implanted to reduce the risk of a blockage, and thereby a heart attack. Medicated stents may prove to be more effective in reducing the risks but they are not a cure to these ailments.
It is best to consult with your cardiologist to assess the risks and benefits. Risk factors like high cholesterol, hypertension, smoking, etc. have to be kept under control and the implications of diverting from it can be fatal. A healthier lifestyle and proper diet can improve things for patients and prevent the build-up of plaque in the arteries, ensuring a long life.