Things to Know About Pain Management Plan When Visiting an Orthopaedic

Things to Know About Pain Management Plan When Visiting an Orthopaedic

Patients undergoing orthopaedic treatments are victims of extreme and sudden pain. They need to have good management set up in place to handle such excruciating pain. Managing pain is a crucial part of orthopaedic treatment. The challenge lies in the fact that there is no common plan that can be implemented for all patients. The best orthopaedic surgeons in Kolkata have to sit down with their patients and chalk out plans based on individual complaints. Here are a few things to know that will help you in making a better pain management plan for yourself along with your orthopaedic surgeon.

Factors on Which Pain Management Depends:

Pain management plans depend on:

  • Health history of the patient.

  • Experience and response with previous pain medication and other pain management plans.

  • Type of orthopaedic injury.

  • Whether or not the patient will undergo orthopaedic surgery.

  • What kind of surgery will the patient be subjected to.

These will help to fine-tune the management plan to tailor-fit you. The plan will be different depending on where you stand on your treatment journey. It will keep changing depending on whether you are pre-surgery, in the hospital being prepped for surgery or in post-surgery recovery.

Common Types of Pain Medications:

Within a pain management plan, patients take these kinds of medication:

  • Over-the-counter pain medications

  • Narcotic pain medications

  • Anti-inflammatory, epidural and/or steroid injections (injections into a vein, muscle or near a nerve in what's called a nerve block)

  • Skeletal muscle relaxers

  • Local anaesthetics

These are administered either orally or intravenously with the help of an injection.


To get you ready for your surgery, your orthopaedic surgeon would prescribe you a certain combination of medications before getting admitted to the hospital. This would ensure that you have a smooth surgery with minimal pain. This also helps in reducing pain immediately after the surgery is done.

Nowadays doctors use local anaesthesia to numb the nerves in the area being operated on. This is done using an epidural injection. The medication causes a nerve block, effectively blocking the transmission of nerve impulses. Injections are also pushed during and immediately after surgery, in case the patient starts to experience unbearable pain.


A complete assessment of pain levels will be done by doctors and nurses. This assessment will help in determining the doses and frequency of medication as well as any other therapies that may also be prescribed. Patients are generally kept under observation at the hospital for at least twenty-four hours before discharging. During this time, medication may be administered.

  • At regular intervals to prevent pain from emerging.

  • At the request of the patients to the attending nurses upon experiencing pain.

  • Patients are also equipped with an intravenous analgesic device that can administer medication at the press of a button. This device is under the control of the patient.

Persistent pain is a serious issue and must be brought to the attention of the attending nurse as well as the concerned doctor.

Post Discharge:

Most patients are recommended rest and recovering therapies to recuperate from the surgery. Pain, soreness, are companions which will not leave the patients without therapy. The orthopaedic doctor creates a pain management and recovery plan which will help in getting back to normal. Some therapies which are commonly prescribed are:

  • Massage

  • Bracing or casting

  • Heat or ice therapy

  • Elevation of the affected area

  • Muscle relaxation techniques

  • Physical therapy, whether in-home therapy or at an outpatient therapy facility

  • Other movement therapies

Side effects and withdrawal symptoms are a staple when it comes to major surgeries. Doctors will prescribe medication to keep things under control. It is important to follow all medications and instructions to the word so as to find feet quickly.

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